It is impossible to establish a valid explanation for the USA’s invasion of Afghanistan, based simply on the premise of post 911 retaliation. However there are strong motivations, and psychological & political control within the Central Asian & Middle Eastern zones is paramount to strengthening the USA’s grip on world domination.
Cold War – America needs an enemy
War motivates Patriotism unlike any other political move. A nation in fear produces an easily manipulated citizenship and international conflict is big business for US corporations. A skeptic may go so far as to say that all the wars involving the USA in our lifetime have been economically motivated.
I am one such skeptic. Communism, as interpreted by the West (as opposed to the theoretical model of governance, of which I support), was the ‘bad-boy’ in the 20th Century, as illustrated by the mainstream media and it’s pro-Government propaganda machine. By design, Communism undermines all profitable business models employed by western industry. Therefore such political models that circumvent Capitalism must be stopped.
Communist governments during the Cold War era were of no threat to the safety of the USA’s population. It was a threat to economic agendas, which is why the USSR, Cuba & Vietnam were targeted. Who is to say the western model is better or worse? Cubans are existing in better conditions than your working class American family, and the post-war lifestyle for your average Vietnamese national is fast becoming a model for success & prosperity. The USSR has been dissolved, Cuba have done well despite the decades-long trade embargo, Ho Chi Minh is still admired as a revolutionary leader, so the West is running out of credible enemies.
President Jimmy Carter harnessed the influence of the media in maintaining a fearful nation, openly condemning the Soviet occupation, and even went so far in promoting the ‘bad boys of Communism’ propaganda by boycotting the 1980 Olympic Games. The Soviets subsequently boycotted the 1984 Los Angeles games, so this was prime media fodder. All of which embedded the ‘Commies are bad’ mindset amongst a gullible US citizenship who relied on mainstream media to tell them a well-crafted recreation of the truth.
Geostrategic Regional Control
Relations between the USA and the middle east are considered essential under the premise of corporate profitability. Let’s remain focused on President Jimmy’s reign for a moment longer.
The Carter Doctrine hinted towards the ultimate interests the USA had in the Central Asian region:
“Let our position be absolutely clear: An attempt by any outside force to gain control of the Persian Gulf region will be regarded as an assault on the vital interests of the United States of America, and such an assault will be repelled by any means necessary, including military force”
These vital interests aren’t borne from a humanitarian standpoint, nor are they suggesting any threat to the safety, peace & democratic system of governance that US citizens enjoy. It’s purely about gaining a foothold within the natural resources industry. In his 1980 State of the Union address, he elaborated further:
“The region which is now threatened by Soviet troops in Afghanistan is of great strategic importance: It contains more than two-thirds of the world’s exportable oil. The Soviet effort to dominate Afghanistan has brought Soviet military forces to within 300 miles of the Indian Ocean and close to the Straits of Hormuz, a waterway through which most of the world’s oil must flow. The Soviet Union is now attempting to consolidate a strategic position, therefore, that poses a grave threat to the free movement of Middle East oil.”
Nothing has changed in the last 30 years since Carter’s address. Neither Democrat nor Republican governance results in a change of stance, when the corporate agenda is the controlling force of politicians. The recent invasion of Afghanistan is still motivated by the edicts outlined by President Carter all those years ago.
Which leads us to the single biggest motivation behind the ongoing war against Afghanistan:
The TAPI Pipeline
Twenty years ago an engineering proposal was formulated for an astonishing project that would transport natural gas from the Caspian Sea (a landlocked ocean in Turkmenistan) to the Indian Subcontinent. With a forecasted global shortage of oil based fuel, not to mention an increased awareness of carbon emission destroying our planet, natural gas is the new ‘Texas Tea’, and major corporate interests can see a multi-billion dollar per year profit stream in the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India pipeline.
Considering the hyperstimulated Indian economy, and a rate of forecasted growth in an end-consumer market driven by a population explosion, the TAPI Pipeline is going to become a license to print money. It’s estimated that up to 30 BILLION cubic metres of gas will transit through the pipeline per year. The ongoing annual profits resulting from the completion of this project are enormous.
The pipeline needs to be laid through Afghanistan, there’s no other viable option. Fifteen years ago, The Taliban (no longer an insurgent militia, but the official Government, an then good buddies with the USA) were not only consulted on the project, but signed international development agreements for the pipes to be laid.This will not only lay the groundwork for ongoing wealth, but the creation of the infrastructure will stand to benefit American corporations.
Behind the scenes over the years, several major US corporate interests with ties to political characters have been identified as benefiting from the creation of the TAPI pipeline, including:
The Pipeline proposal has not been without issues. While the Taliban were ‘on-side’ with the developers, they seized the opportunity to change contracting firms (perhaps the allure of backsheesh was omnipresent, but we may never know). The Taliban also attempted to renegotiate the transit tariffs (an ongoing fee paid to the host countries annually for shipping gas through the region), and following their ousting from parliament, were contracted by Presedent Karzai, the Pakistani Government, and the project consultants to provide security for the build.
There has been countless hurdles in the roll-out, from it’s inception as an Argentinian-contracted engineering feat, Unocal Corporation’s subsequent counter-pipeline proposal (the Iran-Pakistan-India route) in alliance with Saudi Oil Sheiks, until a new consortium for the original TAPI was negotiated under the name of CentGas – of which Unocal was the largest investor. Presently, the project is being managed by state-owned resource consortium from India & Turkmenistan, after a 2012 formal approval from Hamid Karzai’s parliament.
As such, The 35 year war against Afghanistan will not be ending in the forseeable future.